Agri - Kaleidoscope

Women and Agriculture

Enhancing Livelihood of Rural Women through Livestock Production


Research activities Completed

Brief Findings

Inventory of pig production technology

a) Housing: Low cost pig housing with locally available materials Pig housing for high rainfall area

b) Feeding: Low cost feed formulation Sweet potato based feeding Creep feed formula

c) Breeding: Upgraded pigs Exotic pigs Artificial Insemination Winter management of new born piglet Castration Early weaning

d) Health : Vaccination Deworming PCR based diseases diagnostic kits Parasite diagnostic kits Area specific mineral mixture

e) Processing technologies: Slaughtering Curing Processing of bristles

Role of respondent in livestock production activities


Independent-20-30%, Joint-70-80%
Transport and placenta disposal-male (100%)
Upgraded pigs: Purchase of superior germplasm- male(70%)
AI in pigs: Care of pregnant animals: joint (50.6%), no partipitation-49.4%)
Care of new born and Winter management: no participation (70-80%)
Castration: traditional method (52.5%), no participation (47.5%)


Joint decision, construction-male(60-80%), cleaning -female


Female (70-80%) except purchase of concentrated feed

Fodder cultivation

Joint-70-80%, harvesting and chopping by female

Health care

Male (70-80%), except identification of sick animals done jointly (initial
observation by female)
Vaccination and deworming- jointly done

Processing and  

Selling of live animals-jointly, No participation

Decision making pattern in livestock production


Joint (70-80%)


Female (78.7%)

   Health care      

Care of new born and sick animals-female (60-78%) Joint (70-80%)       
Cleaning of animals and shed by female (82.3%)


Live animals –female (72%)


Selection of livestock enterprise-Joint (73.4%),
Availing credit facilities-Joint





Technology adoption and perception

Breeding technologies

Upgraded pigs
Adoption rate: 64.5%, average, not difficult
Non-adoption rate:  Non availability upgraded pig, costly, more risky
Artificial Insemination
Adoption rate: 50.5%, not difficult
Required skilled person, availability, lack of awareness
Winter management
Adoption rate: 50%, costly, required manpower, average  score
Adoption rate: 27.5% costly, required manpower, difficult in transport


Concentrate feeding
2%, costly
Traditional method
Low cost feeding
Adoption Rate: 55%, average, not difficult


  Low cost housing
Adoption Rate: 45%, not difficult, friendly
Modern housing
2%, costly
Simple Traditional
Adoption Rate: 53%

Health care

  Vaccination and deworming
Adoption Rate:50%, lack awareness, lack of services
Mineral mixture-7%, lack awareness, lack of services

Record keeping

  Adoption rate:2-3%, lack awareness, complex, small holder


  Not adopted:100%
Traditional of curing and drying-15%


Gender issues in pig production