FAQ Agricultural Engineering

Question-1 What machinery are available for Paddy cultivation in hills?
Answer: - For cultivating paddy in hills slope following light weight equipments/ machines
           are suitable.

  1. Power tiller (Regular/light weight):   It is used for tillage and puddling, for water lifting, and threshing also it can be used.
  2. M.B. plough:            For primary tillage
  3. Paddy transplanter: Transplanting of paddy
  4. Knapsack sprayer:   For spraying of weedicide, pesticide etc.
  5. Sickle /Vertical conveyer  reaper :   For harvesting of paddy.
  6. Paddy Thresher:       For threshing
  7. Cono weeder :         For weeding in low land paddy.

Question-2: What kind of equipment is available for upland paddy sowing?
Answer: - In upload paddy, pre-germinated 4 row paddy seeder (Drum type) can be used. Pre-germinated paddy is kept inside the drum and the equipment is simply dragged over a prepared seed bed where 4 row are sown simultaneously.

Question-3: How a good quality turmeric powder is made?
Answer: - Follow the steps:      Washing (Cold water) –> Peeling – > soaking in boiled water for 5 min – > slicing  - > Draying -> Grinding.

Question 4: - How Beehive Briquette is made?
Answer: - Take 2 part charcoal and one part soil and mix thoroughly. Put the mixture in a briquetting
Mould and by beating compact it, take out the wet briquette and then dry it for two weeks.
Certainly one can earn Rs. 20,000 in a month by producing 6000 briquettes.

Question- 5: How seed can the sown in line to get a better crop?
Answer: - Manual and power tiller operated seed drill can be used to sow seeds like maize, groundnut,
Paddy, soybean, mustard, pea etc. Along with seed sowing, fertilizer can also be applied. Using a row marker one can sow seed in line manually.     

Question-6: How sol loss can be reduced?
Answer: -By making inward sloping bench terraces for slopes more them 16% soil loss can be checked.
Also one can avoid jhum cultivation by this method. 

Question-7: How a Jalkund is made and what is the cost of water harvesting? How this water can be
Answer: A Jalkund is made in following steps:

From a Jalkund, water can be harvested at a cost of 5 paisa per litre. Water can be utilized for crop production by installing a gravity fed drip irrigation system. Other than this, it also can be used for animal feeding, kitchen gardening etc.

Question –8 Is making of terrace and contour bund helpful to check fertile soil loss?
Ans- Yes, by making bench terrace, contour bund soil less can be reduced significantly. The information regarding design of soil conservation structures can be collected from ICAR RC Umiam, Division of Agricultural Engineering.

Question-9 :How weather forecasting can be got regularly?
Ans:- Register your name and mobile number through URAN website and also in Division of Agricultural Engineering., ICAR RC and you will be sent regular weather forecasting.

Question-10: What should be minimum soil loss?
Answer: - Recommended loss soil from agricultural field is 16 t/ year but it is better to reduce below 10 t/year. In this region, in hill slope it is 42t/year.